- CHIPMUNK BIOLOGY
- CHIPMUNKS CAN CAUSE ALL KINDS OF PROBLEMS
- WHAT WON’T WORK FOR CHIPMUNK INFESTATIONS
- BEST CHIPMUNK REPELLENT TO KEEP THEM AWAY
- COYOTE URINE
- CHIPMUNK SOUND REPELLER
- LOW PROFILE SOUND REPELLERS
- CHIPMUNK GAS STICKS FOR TREATING BURROWS
- LIVE TRAPPING CHIPMUNKS
- BEST CHIPMUNK LIVE TRAPS
- CHEAP CHIPMUNK LIVE TRAP
- CHIPMUNK KILL TRAPS
- HOW TO KEEP CHIPMUNKS AWAY
- CONTACT US
Chipmunks are small animals that resemble grey squirrels. Their bodies are tan/brown with dark or light stripes running down their back. These dorsal stripes vary with the species. The two main species are the eastern and western chipmunk. Eastern chipmunks have three dark stripes while the western species has five. Both are small only reaching 8-10 inches at maturity. Either can hibernate, but western chipmunks seem more likely to stay active all year. Both species breed in the spring and summer months. Gestation usually takes one month and litters may have 2-8 young. The eastern species seems to be more likely to have more than one litter a year, although either species may have several if the conditions are right.
CHIPMUNK BIOLOGY ^
Chipmunks are ground dwellers. They are active during the day and move around cautiously and tentatively. Chipmunks exist in all 48 of the main states of America and seem to be thriving more now than ever. As with other animals, chipmunks have been able to take advantage of suburban areas. They can exist alongside man in parks, wooded lots or in our yards. The rule is simple; if there is a supply of food around your property then expect to have some chipmunks moving in as neighbors. Chipmunks have a large list of food on which they will readily feed. This list includes slugs, snails, insects, small birds, eggs, mice, seeds, fruit, vegetables, seeds, flower bulbs, and pet food. They seem to have an endless appetite and will hoard food if given the opportunity. Homes with pet food, bird feeders, nut trees, gardens, flowers or an abundance of insects are likely to have chipmunk activity. In most cases, the first signs of chipmunks are welcomed. These small animals are both cute and innocent looking. Most people like to watch them as they forage for food and move about in the yard. But don’t let their harmless looks charm you. Chipmunk infestations can quickly grow out of control and once established, they can be difficult to remove! Watch to online video to see just what one looks like.
CHIPMUNKS CAN CAUSE ALL KINDS OF PROBLEMS ^
Chipmunks can be a problem several ways. Each case is different, but they all start the same. One day, a chipmunk is seen foraging in the yard. The homeowner leaves the animal to do as it likes not realizing what will happen. Soon, this one chipmunk becomes many. This increase in population leads to problems from the chipmunks behavior. If you have chipmunks in your yard, here are some of the problems you might expect to have happen.
1) Chipmunks eating garden vegetables and fruits
2) Chipmunks eating from bird feeders.
3) Chipmunks chewing on cable lines, air conditioning pipes and electric lines.
4) Chipmunks burrowing into the ground which leads to water undermining patio slabs, driveways and foundation walls. This undermining will eventually lead to water getting inside your home, cracked cement slabs and broken driveways.
5) Flowers, bulbs and other plants being eaten or dug up.
6) Flea problems developing on the chipmunks and then ultimately becoming for pets and people.
7) The possibility of diseases such as plague, Rocky Mountain spotted fever or the Powassan virus to be transmitted to you or your family increases with these animals being around.
8) Flower beds, retaining walls and trees have been tunneled and burrowed into leading to water problems. For flower beds and trees, this excessive water will lead to fungus and water rot. This ultimately will lead to the plant becoming diseased or sick. Retaining walls which are tunneled through will become weak and damaged leading to repair quicker than normal.
9) Burrows made against the home will lead to a quicker breakdown of any termiticide barrier.
10) Snake infestations. Chipmunks will inevitably attract snakes which will come looking for the chipmunks for food.
11) Chipmunks hoard food which will attract mice, voles and other vermin.
WHAT WON’T WORK FOR CHIPMUNK INFESTATIONS ^
1) Baiting with “Poison Peanuts” or other Rodent bait. Chipmunks are fussy and only seem to like tasty and selective foodstuff generally not available in a “bait” form.
2) Flushing water or gasoline down their burrows. Putting gas down their burrows will sterilize the ground and the chipmunks will simply avoid treated areas. Since their burrows usually go 20-40 feet, it is not likely that you can reach them with either gas or water. Don’t waste your time or money.
3) Rat snap traps. Although you may get an animal or two, the rest of the population will quickly learn to avoid them.
4) Cats and dogs. Although your cat or dog may occasionally kill one or two, more will quickly occupy the vacated area. Typically, the chipmunks which inherently are coy enough to escape the pets reproduces and their offspring inherit these same qualities which allow them to survive as well.
5) Moth balls. As the name implies, this product is for moths – not chipmunks. Although they smell to people, don’t expect them to do anything to chipmunks. No one knows where this old wives tale originated but you can rest assured it will not chase away chipmunks.
BEST CHIPMUNK REPELLENT TO KEEP THEM AWAY ^
We have a few repellents that can chase chipmunks out of the yard. These are most effective when used to keep animals out of the yard. For established animals already nesting, one of the trap options listed below might be required if the repellent fails.
COYOTE URINE ^
One effective option is to place out COYOTE URINE. Since coyotes are are predatory and love small rodents, chipmunks don’t want like being close to areas which have active coyotes. Applying urine close to old burrows, around trees or shrubs and long property lines where chipmunks are active can keep them away.
The use of urine really proves effective when applied before the animals have established themselves. If you know they are active on nearby properties, it will serve you well to apply some around your property line every few months to help keep them out.
REPELLENT GUARDS will help to keep the material protected from the rain and sun and should be considered to help keep your treatments “fresh” and longer lasting. But understands that once a population gets established, the use of repellents will probably not work. At that point you’ll need to start using some of the control methods listed below.
Use 1 oz per 10-20 feet. Renew every 30 days when applied directly to the ground; every 60-90 days when used in either of the guards.
To enable the urine to last longer after being applied, set out LIQUID GUARDS every 10-20 feet. These are easy to install and can hold 1-2 oz.
CAPSULE GUARDS work the same as Liquid Guards but they’re more discreet and better suited if you want to use something well hidden.
We also feature several accessories for our sound repeller including POWER CORD EXTENDERS (33 FEET AND 66 FEET), CIGARETTE LIGHTER POWER ADAPTER, ALLIGATOR CLIP POWER CORD and AC POWER SUPPLY REPLACEMENTS.
LOW PROFILE SOUND REPELLERS ^
For a more “discreet” installment, our line of sonic sound ground stake repellers is probably your best bet for long term control. Once installed, you’ll be able to keep away chipmunks for good. We feature two units; one is strong enough to use as a barrier along property lines to keep foraging chipmunks looking for homes away from your yard. The second unit is much stronger incorporating ultra sound along with the standard vibration and sound our basic unit provides. But the deluxe unit is strong enough to be used directly in active chipmunk tunnels so you can actually chase them off your property.
There are lots of these units on the market these days but most are under powered and won’t be strong enough to handle the job when it comes to chipmunks. But the science is proven. Basically ground burrowing animals like chipmunks will avoid dirt under construction or where they hear ongoing “noise”. For this reason, devices which intentionally send out sound waves can be used to both chase away chipmunks and keep them from entering your property in the first place.
So are they strong enough to get rid of the chipmunks already in your yard? Absolutely. But only our deluxe model (the second one below) should be used when you have an existing population.
BASIC SOLAR POWERED CHIPMUNK REPELLER ^
So if you’ve had chipmunks in the yard and you want to make sure they don’t come back this year, install our basic SOLAR POWERED CHIPMUNK CHASERS along property borders. This device uses sunlight to charge a small battery which in turn will keep the unit running all day and all night. In fact it can run several days without sun so once installed, you’ll have 24 hours a day protection.
This basic unit can cover up to 6,500 sq/ft and if placed along property lines where chipmunks might enter, these units will effectively reroute any nuisance animal elsewhere.
Coverage is about 4,000-6,500 sq/ft depending on soil type. Soft, loamy soil like that typically found along water ways will tend to absorb the sound and effectively deaden it. This means coverage will be thwarted and reduced to the lower range of 4,000-5,000 sq/ft. But for hard pan, clay type soil, coverage can be 5,000-6,500 sq/ft.
When placed along property lines, install units every 60-75 feet.
When the units arrive, they will have a slight charge but its not enough to use afield. So before installing them, we recommend letting them sit out in sunlight (turned off) for at least one day to get a good charge on their battery. This way when you deploy them in the yard, they’ll be ready to work at full strength.
Now if you have active chipmunks, you’ll need the next unit down the page as its much stronger and the only one that can chase away even nesting animals.
DELUXE SOLAR POWERED CHIPMUNK REPELLER ^
So if you have active chipmunks centered on your property, say in a garden or flower bed, our DELUXE CHIPMUNK REPELLER will be needed. This model is one of kind and not available elsewhere. True, there are models which looks like it. But they don’t have all the features our units have which are needed for certain animals like prairie dogs, ground squirrels, chipmunks and voles.
Our deluxe model works essentially the same as the basic unit above. It too uses the sun to charge an on board replaceable battery so it runs on its own, around the clock. And it releases a vibration that will both move the ground and create a sound wave that will “rattle” chipmunks so they want to leave. But our deluxe model incorporates other sounds making them well suited for control of existing problems if the active burrows are not being used for nests.
As stated, this unit will vibrate several times a minute constantly rotating the sound cycle. But it also sends out “ultra sound”. In general, ultra sound won’t help fight true under the ground dwellers like moles since they’re down in the ground and well protected. This is why all the other units like this on the market don’t include ultra sound. But for animals that like to forage up out of the ground (like chipmunks), ultra sound is helpful and for the most part, a necessity if you’re trying to treat an active problem.
In addition to the ultra sound being sent out, it also uses LED bulbs located just underneath the controller head. These light up when its dark which effectively give the units an “evil” look at night. Small animals that like to forage on the ground at night will look up and see these discreet lights and perceive it to be a predator. This in turn will make them uncomfortable and nervous. Combined with the ultra sound, the vibration and the audible sound, the deluxe repeller is powerful enough to be used in the middle of a an active chipmunk tunnel. Chipmunks will routinely have tunnels they use for a quick escape that aren’t actually nest tunnels. Place our repeller into these areas to start the purging process.
So to start, only deploy units directly in active tunnels and nests. Do not install units along property borders for the first two weeks. This will give the visiting animals a way to escape. After two weeks, if you still have activity in the tunnels with repellers installed, you’ll need to use the GASSERS listed below to make the tunnels unusable for them. Once gassed, fill in the tunnel entrances with dirt and monitor them for another two weeks. IF the holes reopen, gas them again until they leave for good. In most every case, one treatment will do the job for good but wait two weeks before relocating the repeller further out.
Coverage for these units is a bit more compared to the basic unit. So for loamy soft soil, plan on getting 4,000-5,000 sq/ft of coverage. But for hard pan, 6,500 to 7,500 sq/ft per unit is to be expected. Along property borders, place units every 45-50 feet.
Setup for these is like the other unit in that you’ll want to let the head unit charge for 1-2 days prior to setting them out in the yard. This way they go afield under full power making them best suited to get the job done. For more detailed directions on how to set them up, download our SETUP DIRECTIONS.
Regardless of which unit you get, you need to properly prepare the ground by drilling a smooth hole for them to fill. The hole must be the proper depth and width. Our SOIL AUGER is perfectly designed for the task. Simply attach it to your favorite hand drill and take it out to the yard for the task at hand. Holes can be drilled in 10-20 seconds and will be just right. Plan on making them about 9 inches deep as units need to be installed so 1-2″ stick out to keep the head unit off the ground.
CHIPMUNK GAS STICKS FOR TREATING BURROWS ^
If you have several burrows throughout your yard but are not quite sure where the chipmunks are active, the use of GAS STICKS might help. These are sulfur gas smokers that have fuses. To use, light the fuse and then place the smoker down the burrow.
The intention of this method is to either kill the chipmunk nesting chipmunks or to repel them from the burrows by overloading it with the bad smell of sulfur smoke. It usually takes 1 gasser to treat the average burrow but for large tunnels, two might be needed.
For small limited tunnels, this can be extremely effective. But if the burrows go deep or run through a large area, it can be hard to get proper coverage. Basically if you don’t get the smoke to fill every part of the burrow, the chipmunks will usually move to another part where there is enough air for them to survive.
So for this method to be effective, you need to be sure all entry and exit holes to the burrows are closed. Do this by covering all holes with rocks and dirt. If the holes to the burrows are sealed and the gas is able to fill their tunnels, it will kill them.
The 4 pack is usually enough to treat up to 2-3 dens; expect to use two sticks per den for every den that has 2-3 entry/exit holes. Also, using these in conjunction with our DELUXE SOUND REPELLERS listed above is surefire way to ensure they don’t come back.
Apply 1-2 teaspoons of the paste on the trip pan of the trap and smear it across the metal plate. Now add seed to the back of the trap, behind the trip pan, as well as to the middle and front entrance. This video shows how to make a great trap set for chipmunks.
As explained in the video, the Pecan Paste is what will get them to the trap and once they arrive at it’s side, they need to see something in the trap which will make them want “in”. A good amount of seed placed in the back, behind the trip pan is important for success.
But as explained in the video above, it’s many times not enough by itself. Place Pecan Paste on the trip pan and you’ll get far faster results.
Chipmunks have a keen sense of smell so make a set that takes advantage of this trait. By drawing a “line” using both lure and seeds, you’ll enable them to find their way exactly where you want them to go. And don’t forget to line the bottom of the cage with some pine straw or something else that’s around the set location to cover the metal wire. Making it more like the ground they’re walking on will increase the odds and speed at which they enter which in turn will lead to a faster catch.
BEST CHIPMUNK LIVE TRAPS ^
When it comes to choosing a live trap, there are several that can do the job. But if you want a trap that will last 10 plus years and work for a wide range of animals, get the LT5518. Its definitely the best chipmunk live trap around and is what we call “commercial grade quality”. These traps are used by professionals, built to last, easy to set and spring loaded.
The LT5518RD features a rear sliding door which makes for easy baiting and animal release. The following video shows this trap in action as it catches a typical chipmunk after making a set detailed in the video above.
As shown in the above video, a good trap set placed out in the right area will lure any chipmunk. Once they arrive to the trap, its best if you have it set in a way that will help “funnel” them to enter. Once caught, you’ll want to relocate them at least 5 miles away before releasing them; 10 miles to be sure they don’t return. Chipmunks can travel several miles and in rural areas, they’ve been known to travel great distances.
CHEAP CHIPMUNK LIVE TRAP ^
For minor or light infestations, the 5X5X16 GREEN LIVE TRAP is a viable option for small animals like chipmunk. This trap blends into the natural landscape well and isn’t easy to see. But its not nearly as good quality wise and in many cases, will require some tweaking to get the trip mechanism to work smoothly. It’s definitely our “economy model” but for a small problem or when the budget has limited resources, its a decent choice to consider.
CHIPMUNK KILL TRAPS ^
The last option you have for fast control is the use of ELECTROCUTION DEVICES. These devices can be set alongside burrows where chipmunks are known to be active. They work by storing an electric charge in capacitors which then “release” the shock when a small animal grounds out the connection.
This charge is drawn from batteries and when a small rodent like a rat or chipmunk enters the device and steps on the ground pad, a lethal electric charge will flow through them leading to a quick and humane death. The shock has good voltage but is not a hazard to animals over 5 lbs.
The “Classic” is okay for a “light” problem where the average animals are small and their numbers are low (10 or less).
For populations of 10 or more or where the animals are thought to be a bit “large”, go with the more powerful Ultra Max. This unit uses “D” cell batteries and will hold up longer and work faster.
Either unit can be used outside but because they rely on electricity, they need to keep dry. This can be done by setting them out inside a TRAP TUBE.
For some reason, chipmunks don’t seem to get afraid of these devices even if they find dead chipmunks inside. In fact its not uncommon for chipmunks to forage over dead animals to get the food inside. Unlike traps that rely on “squishing” to kill which leads to animal deformity, the zappers don’t change the body of the animal. For this reason its thought that the dead animals are perceived as having died naturally.
When using zappers, you must be ready to remove dead chipmunks as soon as you find them. To insure this happens, inspect them daily.
HOW TO KEEP CHIPMUNKS AWAY ^
Once you trap out the existing population, set out either the COYOTE URINE or PEST RID listed above to keep new chipmunks from coming around. Renew the applications every 3 months to insure they stay away. Vacated chipmunk dens are likely to be found by local animals so get them treated once you know all the residing animals have been removed.
CONTACT US ^
Give us a call if you need further help. Our toll free is 1-800-877-7290 and we’re open Monday through Thursday, 8:00 AM to 7:00 PM. On Friday, 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM and on Saturday, 9:00 AM to 2:00 PM (Eastern Standard Time).
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